Constantine and the bishops of Rome did conspire in one of the greatest secrets
of all history.
Who Was Constantine?
Constantine the Great was a Roman emperor who reigned from A.D. 306 to 337.
Tradition has it that on his way to an important battle in A.D. 312, a vision of
a flaming cross appeared to him with the inscription, "In this sign
conquer." He therefore authorized his mostly pagan soldiers to place a
cross on their shields, and went on to win the battle. Believing the Christian
God to be his secret to military success and the key to uniting his empire,
Constantine adopted Christianity as the official religion of Rome in A.D. 324.
His life continued to be marred by bloodshed and political intrigue until his
death, but through his influence the bishops of Rome gained rapid ascendancy to
political and temporal power.
The real secret of Constantine and the bishops of Rome is their cunning
introduction of sun worship and paganism into Christianity. It was done so
shrewdly that, incredibly, it has been veiled within the faith for centuries.
Through Constantine, paganism and Christianity joined hands in the Roman Empire.
History readily records that Constantine was a sun-worshiper. In one decree
he declared, "On the venerable Day of the Sun let the magistrates and
people residing in cities rest, and let all workshops be closed" (March 7,
321). He made this decree in honor of the sun after his supposed conversion to
Christianity! Constantine, even after his "conversion," remained a
Constantine sought to unite his kingdom’s pagan and Christian worshipers,
in order to promote stability and ensure that his empire lasted. The easiest way
to bring harmony would be to blend sun worship and Christianity. History shows
that the Church of Rome did not object; indeed, it had been engaging in the
practice for nearly two centuries!
The bishops at Rome also claimed Peter as the head of the church, instead of
Christ (Ephesians 4:15). Developing a non-biblical doctrine of "apostolic
succession," they claimed that the authority conferred on Peter was
transferred to themselves. The "Saint Peter" that was created was
actually a combination of pagan idolatry and Christian veneration. Even today,
the statue in St. Peter’s Cathedral in Rome includes a solar disk above his
head. Tradition has it that this was actually a statue of Jupiter taken from a
pagan temple and simply renamed "St. Peter"! Sun worship, which
appears in nearly every pagan religion in the world, soon appeared in Christian
art, imagery, and theology. The halo often seen on Christ and Mary is actually a
symbol of sun worship. Madonna ("Mary") was depicted holding sun
The Silent Conspiracy
One of the earliest entrances of sun worship into the church was through the
spring pagan festival. The festival was celebrated in honor of Eostre
(according to the eighth century cleric Bede). The festival often honored a
goddess (such as Ishtar), and one of the more popular tales of this time
concerned the god Attis, who was said to be resurrected each year during the
month of March. According to one tradition, the festival of Attis began as
"a day of blood on a black Friday and culminated after three days in a
day of rejoicing over a resurrection."3 These spring festivals
eventually became the Christian festival of Easter, complete with eggs and
rabbits, both ancient pagan symbols of fertility.
At the Council of Nicaea, Constantine also persuaded those in attendance
that only one Easter "Resurrection" day should be kept. "Our
Savior has left us only one festal day … and he desired to establish only
one Catholic Church," he argued. Then he added this significant
statement. "You should consider … that we should have nothing in
common with the Jews."4
Constantine felt that the Jews were "murderers of the Lord,"
and therefore desired to blot out any links between Christianity and
Judaism. For this reason he persuaded the Christian church to drop the
ancient biblical Sabbath, given at Creation, and replace it with Sunday
worship. "The Church made a sacred day of Sunday … largely because it
was the weekly festival of the sun; for it was a definite Christian policy
to take over the pagan festivals endeared to the people by tradition, and to
give them a Christian significance."5 Pope Sylvester I (314–335)
finally made Christian Sundaykeeping official by decreeing that "the
rest of the Sabbath should be transferred to the Lord’s day
[Sunday]."6 Perhaps this was Constantine and Rome’s crowning
conspiratorial victory—sneaking sun worship into Christianity by
exchanging the true Christian day of worship for the day dedicated to
ancient sun worship.
1 Dan Brown, The Da Vinci Code (New York: Doubleday,
2 December 17, 2004, "No Gospel in ‘Da Vinci
Code’ Claims, Scholars Say" National Geographic News.
3 Gerald L. Berry, "Religions of the World,"
Barnes & Noble, 1956.
4 From the Letter of the Emperor to all those not present
at the Council, Found in Eusebius, Life of Constantine, 3: 18-20.
5 Arthur Weigall, The Paganism in Our Christianity, p.
145. (Copyright 1928, by G. P. Putnam’s Sons, New York).
6 Rabanus Maurus, as quoted in Sabbath and Sunday in Early
Christianity, by Robert L. Odom, 1977 by the Review and Herald Publishing
Association, pp. 247, 248.