movement started its activities in 1967, was suppressed by the
Soviets in 1971 and is tolerated since 1988, although attempts to
restore Baltic Romuva’s religion started in XIX century.
60–70th of XX century emerged interest in the indigenous
culture, especially pagan tradition. Many folklore song groups
name “Romuva” were chosen in honor of the famous Baltic
Prussian sanctuary Romuva, Sources from the 14th
century state that in the center of Baltic lands (today
Kaliningrad region), there existed Romuva sanctuary, which was
revered by all Baltic nations, the eternal fire burning there
spread her light and peace throughout the entire Baltic coast and
philosophy’s central idea is the sacredness of Nature, which is
based on Baltic beliefs and ethnic folkloric tradition.
Christianity was half accepted only in 18th-19th
century. For this reason Lithuanian folklore, beliefs and customs
retained the pre-Christian features to high degree even to this
day. Lithuanian Baltic folklore, especially the mythological
dainas, legends and the traditional way-of-life, is the basis of
Lithuanian Baltic religion, Such traditional our attitudes
correspond very well with the contemporal ecological and
spiritual ideas. Eternity of Life, holiness of Earth and Nature,
aspiration for Darna (harmony) - some of our ideas.
into folk traditions and art - we can see the true essence of the
Goddess. The return of the ancient Goddess is unavoidable, it is
demanded by nature and peoples’ conscious disposition. We begin
to understand that we are the children of one Mother - people,
animals, trees, plants, and that the Mother lives here, near us.
Let us remember the words of M.Gimbutiene, "All that is
alive - is a sign of the earth’s kindness. Every earth born
object is full to the brim with life’s strength, granted by
mother earth. Tree, flower, stone and man - all from the earth.
They are all full of earth’s power, although in each, the power
is of various shape and form."
Lithuania restored its independence in 1990, the majority of
previously suppressed organizations were re-established.
Romuva began to organize conferences, summer-camps and care of
historical monuments and nature objects. These activities gained
approval by Lithuanian public. Lithuania Romuva embraces 20
communities and has several thousands members. Romuva is
lead by Jonas Trinkunas. He was declared in 2002.10.19 as
Krivis – highest priest of the Romuva.
comparative linguistics revealed the kinship of the Lithuanian
language with Sanskrit, the classical language of ancient India
and Hinduism. The exploration of linguistic and etymological
parallels led in turn to a delineation of the many mythological
parallels between Lithuanian Pagan gods and the Hindu deities of
ancient India. These linkages with ancient Indian civilization
and religion both fortified Lithuanian national pride. As the
philosopher Antanas Andrijauskas comments, “Lithuanians were
encouraged to take a deeper interest in the countries of the East
not only by the growing ideology of national rebirth but also by
widespread theories about the origin of the Lithuanian nation in
India and about the closeness of Lithuanian to Sanskrit.
are joining Romuva community, because they recognize the natural
essence of its religious world-view. The Romuva communities can
help people rediscover forgotten or suppressed traditions. Within
these communities it is possible to combine the worship of nature
with rituals of christenings, weddings, burials and calendar
feasts. In Romuva summer camp pagans from other countries are
this time, the religious community of the ancient Baltic faith
consists of 20 chapters. The community publishes a journal of
Baltic culture, Romuva. The modern rebirth of the Baltic
religion of Romuva has been described by Jonas Trinkūnas in his
books Baltic Faith (2000), Words for Our Gods and
Goddesses (2007), and The Way of the Ancient
Lithuanian Religion (2009). Romuva is represented by the
ritualistic folklore music group Kūlgrinda, which over the past
few years has recorded and released several albums of ritual
music: Rites of Fire, Hymns to Perkūnas, Sotvaras,
Hymns of the Prussians, Hymns to the Sun, and Hymns
to Grand Duke Gediminas.
celebrates its festivals and rites mostly in the countryside, in
the nature. Today in Lithuania there are quite many holy places
and temples of Romuva. Several of them could be mentioned:
Country House of Mr. Jonas Vaiškūnas, Molėtai
Ethnocosmological Centre (+370-682 14 559)
Country House of Mr. Jonas Trinkūnas, Dvarciškiai village (Švenčionių
district) +370-676 43 430)
Country House of Mr. Janis Lopeta, Žagarinė village (Zarasų
district) (+370-680 314 73)
- Sacred Serpent
Lietuvos - Indijos forumas 2011