The Church of the Divine Earth

What Is Romuva in Lithuanian and Baltic Cultures?


Romuva is the Lithuanian Expression of Baltic Faith. The name is a tribute to the fallen Prussians, who were also Balts – but their language and culture was assimilated by the early 1700s. Romuva is the name of the most important sanctuary of the Prussians, which was destroyed by crusaders in the 13th century. The symbol of Romuva is a stylised sacred oak tree with three pairs of branches, topped by a sacred flame. Underneath, the word romove (a cognate of Romuva, meaning a group of people who would worship at the ancient Baltic sanctuary Romuva) is written in runic letters.

“Baltic Religion” identifies the way of life, world concept and world view that were common to all Baltic nations/tribes: Lithuanians, Latvians, Prussians, Yotvingians, Curonians, Zemgalians, Selians, Latgalian etc. Modern Romuva is the Lithuanian expression of the Baltic Faith. The word itself means serenity, peace, harmony, tenderness and beauty. These are the most cherished of values. Romuva is a religion of life and harmony.

Historically, the Prussian temple of Romuva was one of the last important European Pagan sanctuaries. Apart from this Romuva, there were countless local sanctuaries, which thrived in the wide Baltic region. It is just the same today - the idea of Romuva remains in the consciousness of the various Baltic cultures.

The name of Romuva again arose about a century ago, inspired by a more enlightened understanding of the old faith. Lithuanians began to call their renewed faith "Romuva," while the Latvians called theirs "Dievturiba" (meaning "The keeping of the god Dievs"). This revival was connected with the national revivals of the Baltic peoples. However, the essence of the Baltic faith is not nationality. This faith is of man and nature. By referring to it as a Baltic faith, we underscore its origins and its continuing tradition.

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